Revenue from Contracts with Customers
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]|
|Revenue from Contracts with Customers||
Note 10 - Revenue from Contracts with Customers
We adopted the Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) effective January 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective implementation method. Accordingly, we have applied the five-step method outlined in Topic 606 for determining when and how revenue is recognized to all contracts that were not completed as of the date of adoption. Revenues for reporting periods beginning as of January 1, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts have not been adjusted and continue to be reported under the previous revenue recognition guidance. For contracts that were modified before the effective date, we have considered the modification guidance within the new standard and determined that the revenue recognized and contract balances recorded prior to adoption for such contracts were not impacted. While Topic 606 requires additional disclosure of the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers, its adoption has not had a material impact on the measurement or recognition of our revenues. As part of the adoption, no adjustments were needed to the consolidated balance sheets, statements of operations and statements of cash flows.
Our business is comprised of two business lines: (1) Drilling Services and (2) Rental Tools Services. See Note 11 - Reportable Segments for further details on these business lines and revenue disaggregation amounts.
Our drilling and rental tools services provided under each contract is a single performance obligation satisfied over time and comprised of a series of distinct time increments, or service periods. Total revenue is determined for each individual contract by estimating both fixed and variable consideration expected to be earned over the contract term. Fixed consideration generally relates to activities that are not distinct within the context of our contracts and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the contract term. Variable consideration generally relates to distinct service periods during the contract term and are recognized in the period when the services are performed. Our contract terms generally range from 2 to 60 months.
The amount estimated for variable consideration may be constrained (reduced) and is only recognized as revenue to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal of previously recognized revenue will not occur during the contract term. When determining if variable consideration should be constrained, management considers whether there are factors outside the Company’s control that could result in a significant reversal of revenue as well as the likelihood and magnitude of a potential reversal of revenue. These estimates are re-assessed each reporting period as required. Accounts receivable are recognized when the right to consideration becomes unconditional based upon contractual billing schedules. Payment terms on invoiced amounts are typically 30 days.
Drilling Services Business
Dayrate Revenues — Our drilling services contracts generally provide for payment on a dayrate basis, with higher rates for periods when the drilling unit is operating and lower rates or zero rates for periods when drilling operations are interrupted or restricted. The dayrate invoices billed to the customer are typically determined based on the varying rates applicable to the specific activities performed on an hourly basis.
Such dayrate consideration is allocated to the distinct hourly increment to which it relates within the contract term, and therefore, recognized in line with the contractual rate billed for the services provided for any given hour.
Mobilization Revenues — We may receive fees (on either a fixed lump-sum or variable dayrate basis) for the mobilization of our rigs.
These activities are not considered to be distinct within the context of the contract and therefore, the associated revenues are allocated to the overall performance obligation and recognized ratably over the initial term of the related drilling contract. We record a contract liability for mobilization fees received, which is amortized ratably to revenue as services are rendered over the initial term of the related drilling contract. The amortized amount is adjusted accordingly if the term of the initial contract is extended.
Capital Modification Revenues — We may, from time to time, receive fees from our customers for capital improvements to our rigs to meet contractual requirements (on either a fixed lump-sum or variable dayrate basis).
Such revenues are allocated to the overall performance obligation and recognized ratably over the initial term of the related drilling contract as these activities are not considered to be distinct within the context of our contracts. We record a contract liability for such fees and recognize them ratably as revenue over the initial term of the related drilling contract.
Demobilization Revenues — We may receive fees (on either a fixed lump-sum or variable dayrate basis) for the demobilization of our rigs.
Due to the inherent uncertainty regarding the realization, we have elected to not recognize demobilization revenues till the uncertainty is resolved. Therefore, demobilization revenues are recognized once the related performance obligations have been completed.
Reimbursable Revenues — We generally receive reimbursements from our customers for the purchase of supplies, equipment, personnel services and other services provided at their request in accordance with a drilling contract or other agreement.
Such reimbursable revenues are variable and subject to uncertainty, as the amounts received and timing thereof is highly dependent on factors outside of our control. Accordingly, reimbursable revenues are not included in the total transaction price until the uncertainty is resolved, which typically occurs when the related costs are incurred on behalf of a customer. We are generally considered a principal in such transactions and record the associated revenues at the gross amount billed to the customer in our consolidated condensed statements of operations. Such amounts are recognized once the services have been performed. Such amounts totaled $13.4 million and $15.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $40.4 million and $45.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Rental Tools Services Business
Dayrate Revenues — Our rental tools services contracts generally provide for payment on a dayrate basis depending on the rate for the tool defined in the contract.
Such dayrate consideration is allocated to the distinct hourly increment it relates to within the contract term, and therefore, recognized in line with the contractual rate billed for the services provided for any given hour.
The following is a description of the different costs that we may incur for our contracts:
Mobilization Costs — These costs include certain direct and incremental costs incurred for mobilization of contracted rigs. These costs relate directly to a contract, enhance resources of the Company that will be used in satisfying its performance obligations in the future and are expected to be recovered. These costs are capitalized when incurred as a current or noncurrent asset (depending on the length of the initial contract term), and are amortized over the initial term of the related drilling contract.
The balance for capitalized mobilization costs was $6.4 million and $3.1 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. There was no impairment loss in relation to capitalized costs. Amortization of capitalized mobilization costs was $1.8 million and and $3.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.
Demobilization Costs — These costs are incurred for the demobilization of rigs at contract completion and are recognized as incurred during the demobilization process.
Capital Modification Costs — These costs are incurred for rig modifications or upgrades required for a contract, which are considered to be capital improvements, are capitalized as property, plant and equipment and depreciated over the estimated useful life of the improvement.
The following table provides information about contract liabilities from contracts with customers:
Contract liabilities relate to mobilization revenues and capital modification revenues, where, we have unconditional right to cash or cash has been received but performance obligations have not been fulfilled. These liabilities are reduced and revenue is recognized as performance obligations are fulfilled.
Significant changes to contract liabilities balances during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 are shown below:
Transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations
The following table includes revenues expected to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied (or partially unsatisfied) at the end of the reporting period.
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef