|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|Segment Reporting [Abstract]|
Note 12 - Reportable Segments
Our business is comprised of two business lines: (1) rental tools services and (2) drilling services. We report our rental tools services business as two reportable segments: (1) U.S. rental tools and (2) International rental tools. We report our drilling services business as two reportable segments: (1) U.S. (lower 48) drilling and (2) International & Alaska drilling.
Within the four reportable segments, we have one business unit under U.S. rental tools, one business unit under international rental tools, one business unit under U.S. (lower 48) drilling, and we aggregate our Arctic, Eastern Hemisphere, and Latin America business units under International & Alaska drilling, for a total of six business units. The Company has aggregated each of its business units in one of the four reporting segments based on the guidelines of the FASB ASC Topic No. 280, Segment Reporting. We eliminate inter-segment revenues and expenses. We disclose revenues under the four reportable segments based on the similarity of the use and markets for the groups of products and services within each segment.
Rental Tools Services Business
In our rental tools services business, we provide premium rental equipment and services to exploration & production companies, drilling contractors, and service companies on land and offshore in the U.S. and select international markets. Tools we provide include standard and heavy-weight drill pipe, all of which are available with standard or high-torque connections, tubing, drill collars, pressure control equipment, including blowout preventers, and more. We also provide well construction services, which includes tubular running services and downhole tool rentals, well intervention services, which includes whipstocks, fishing, and related services, as well as inspection and machine shop support. Rental tools are used during drilling and/or workover programs and are requested by the customer as needed, requiring us to keep a broad inventory of rental tools in stock. Rental tools are usually rented on a daily or monthly basis.
U.S. Rental Tools
Our U.S. rental tools segment maintains an inventory of rental tools for deepwater, drilling, completion, workover, and production applications at facilities in Louisiana, Texas, Wyoming, North Dakota and West Virginia. We also provide well construction and well intervention services. Our largest single market for rental tools is U.S. land drilling, a cyclical market driven primarily by oil and natural gas prices and our customers’ access to project financing. A portion of our U.S. rental tools business supplies tubular goods and other equipment to offshore GOM customers.
International Rental Tools
Our international rental tools segment maintains an inventory of rental tools and provides well construction, well intervention, and surface and tubular services to our customers in the Middle East, Latin America, Europe, and Asia-Pacific regions.
Drilling Services Business
In our drilling services business, we drill oil, natural gas, and geothermal wells for customers globally. We provide this service with both Company-owned rigs and customer-owned rigs. We refer to the provision of drilling services with customer-owned rigs as our operations and management (“O&M”) service in which our customers own their own drilling rigs, but choose Parker Drilling to operate and manage the rigs for them. The nature and scope of activities involved in drilling a well is similar whether it is drilled with a Company-owned rig (as part of a traditional drilling contract) or a customer-owned rig (as part of an O&M contract). In addition, we provide project-related services, such as engineering, procurement, project management, commissioning of customer-owned drilling rig projects, operations execution, and quality and safety management. We have extensive experience and expertise in drilling geologically challenging wells and in managing the logistical and technological challenges of operating in remote, harsh, and ecologically sensitive areas.
U.S. (Lower 48) Drilling
Our U.S. (lower 48) drilling segment provides drilling services with our GOM barge drilling rig fleet and markets our U.S. (lower 48) based O&M services. We also provide O&M services for a customer-owned rig offshore California. Our GOM barge rigs drill for oil and natural gas in shallow waters in and along the inland waterways and coasts of Louisiana, Alabama, and Texas. The majority of these wells are drilled in shallow water depths ranging from 6 to 12 feet. Our rigs are suitable for a variety of drilling programs, from inland coastal waters requiring shallow draft barges, to open water drilling on both state and federal waters. Contract terms typically consist of well-to-well or multi-well programs, most commonly ranging from 20 to 180 days.
International & Alaska Drilling
Our International & Alaska drilling segment provides drilling services, using both Company-owned rigs and O&M contracts, and project-related services. The drilling markets in which this segment operates have one or more of the following characteristics:
We have rigs under contract in Alaska, Kazakhstan, the Kurdistan region of Iraq, Guatemala, Mexico, and on Sakhalin Island, Russia. In addition, we have O&M and ongoing project-related services for customer-owned rigs in Alaska, California, Kuwait, Canada, Indonesia, and on Sakhalin Island, Russia.
The following table represents the results of operations by reportable segment:
For the three months ended March 31, 2019, our largest customer, ENL, constituted approximately 31.2 percent of our total consolidated revenues and approximately 63.8 percent of our International & Alaska Drilling segment revenues. Excluding reimbursable revenues of $26.3 million, ENL constituted approximately 17.7 percent of our total consolidated revenues and approximately 46.6 percent of our International & Alaska Drilling segment revenues.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, our largest customer, ENL, constituted approximately 25.7 percent of our total consolidated revenues and approximately 57.5 percent of our International & Alaska Drilling segment revenues. Excluding reimbursable revenues of $34.6 million, ENL constituted approximately 17.9 percent of our total consolidated revenues and approximately 47.6 percent of our International & Alaska Drilling segment revenues.
The following table shows the Company’s revenues by geographic region:
The entire disclosure for reporting segments including data and tables. Reportable segments include those that meet any of the following quantitative thresholds a) it's reported revenue, including sales to external customers and intersegment sales or transfers is 10 percent or more of the combined revenue, internal and external, of all operating segments b) the absolute amount of its reported profit or loss is 10 percent or more of the greater, in absolute amount of 1) the combined reported profit of all operating segments that did not report a loss or 2) the combined reported loss of all operating segments that did report a loss c) its assets are 10 percent or more of the combined assets of all operating segments.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef