|6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2015
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]
In the opinion of the management of Parker Drilling Company (Parker Drilling or the Company), the accompanying unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements reflect all adjustments normally recurring which we believe are necessary for a fair presentation of: (1) Parker Drilling’s financial position as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, (2) Parker Drilling’s results of operations for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, (3) Parker Drilling’s consolidated condensed statement of comprehensive income for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, and (4) Parker Drilling’s cash flows for the six month periods ended June 30, 2015 and 2014. Results for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that will be realized for the year ending December 31, 2015. The financial statements should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
Nature of Operations — Parker Drilling provides drilling services and rental tools to the energy industry. We have operated in over 50 countries since beginning operations in 1934, making us among the most geographically experienced drilling contractors and rental tools providers in the world. We currently have operations in 23 countries. We believe we are an industry leader in quality, health, safety and environmental practices.
Our business is comprised of two business lines: (1) Drilling Services and (2) Rental Tools Services. Effective with the first quarter of 2015, we aligned our reportable segments with our two core business lines and our current internal organizational structure. We report our Rental Tools Services business as one reportable segment (Rental Tools) and report our Drilling Services business as two reportable segments: (1) U.S. (Lower 48) Drilling and (2) International & Alaska Drilling.
In our Drilling Services business, we own and operate drilling rigs and drilling-related equipment and also perform drilling-related services, referred to as operations and maintenance (O&M) services, on a contracted basis for operators who own their own drilling rigs, but choose Parker Drilling to operate the rigs for them. In addition, we provide other project management services, such as engineering and related services during concept development, pre-FEED (Front End Engineering Design) and FEED phases of customer-owned drilling facility projects. We have extensive experience and expertise in drilling geologically difficult wells and in managing the logistical and technological challenges of operating in remote, harsh and ecologically sensitive areas. Our U.S. (Lower 48) Drilling segment includes our Gulf of Mexico (GOM) barge drilling fleet and United States (U.S.) based O&M services. Our GOM barge drilling fleet operates barge rigs that drill for oil and natural gas in shallow waters in and along the inland waterways and coasts of Louisiana, Alabama, and Texas. The majority of these wells are drilled in water depths of 6 to 12 feet. Our International & Alaska Drilling segment includes operations related to Parker-owned and customer-owned rigs as well as project related services.
Our Rental Tools Services business provides premium rental equipment and services to exploration and production companies, drilling contractors and service companies on land and offshore in the U.S. and select international markets. Tools we provide include drill collars, standard and heavy-weight drill pipe, all of which are available with standard or high-torque connections, tubing, and pressure control equipment including blow-out preventers (BOPs). We also provide well construction services which include tubular running services and downhole tools and well intervention services which include whipstock, fishing products and services, as well as inspection and machine shop support.
Consolidation — The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and subsidiaries in which we exercise control or have a controlling financial interest, including entities, if any, in which the Company is allocated a majority of the entity’s losses or returns, regardless of ownership percentage. If a subsidiary of Parker Drilling has a 50 percent interest in an entity but Parker Drilling’s interest in the subsidiary or the entity does not meet the consolidation criteria described above, then that interest is accounted for under the equity method. In the second quarter of 2015 we recognized through other income and expense a $0.9 million loss related to the divestiture of our controlling interest in a joint venture.
Noncontrolling Interest — We apply accounting standards related to noncontrolling interests for ownership interests in our subsidiaries held by parties other than Parker Drilling. The entities that comprise the noncontrolling interest include ITS Arabia Limited and ITS Egypt SAE. We report noncontrolling interest as equity on the consolidated balance sheets and report net income (loss) attributable to controlling interest and to noncontrolling interest separately on the consolidated statements of operations.
Reclassifications — Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications did not materially affect our consolidated financial results.
Revenue Recognition — Drilling revenues and expenses, comprised of daywork drilling contracts, call-outs against master service agreements and engineering and related project service contracts, are recognized as services are performed and collection is reasonably assured. For certain contracts, we receive payments contractually designated for the mobilization of rigs and other drilling equipment. Mobilization payments received, and direct costs incurred for the mobilization, are deferred and recognized over the primary term of the related drilling contract; however, costs incurred to relocate rigs and other drilling equipment to areas in which a contract has not been secured are expensed as incurred. Reimbursements received for out-of-pocket expenses are recorded as both revenues and direct costs. For contracts that are terminated prior to the specified term, early termination payments received by us are recognized as revenues when all contractual requirements are met. Revenues from rental activities are recognized ratably over the rental term which is generally less than six months. Our project related services contracts include engineering, consulting, and project management scopes of work and revenue is typically recognized on a time and materials basis.
Reimbursable Costs — The Company recognizes reimbursements received for out-of-pocket expenses incurred as revenues and accounts for out-of-pocket expenses as direct operating costs. Such amounts totaled $27.8 million and $21.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $47.5 million and $38.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Additionally, the Company typically receives a nominal handling fee, which is recognized as earned revenues in our consolidated statement of operations.
Use of Estimates — The preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting policies generally accepted in the United States (U.S. GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect our reported amounts of assets and liabilities, our disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and our revenues and expenses during the periods reported. Estimates are typically used when accounting for certain significant items such as legal or contractual liability accruals, mobilization and deferred mobilization, self-insured medical/dental plans, income taxes and valuation allowance, and other items requiring the use of estimates. Estimates are based on a number of variables which may include third party valuations, historical experience, where applicable, and assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved with estimates, actual results may differ from management estimates.
Purchase price allocation — We allocate the purchase price of an acquired business to its identifiable assets and liabilities in accordance with the acquisition method based on estimated fair values at the transaction date. Transaction and integration costs associated with an acquisition are expensed as incurred. The excess of the purchase price over the amount allocated to the assets and liabilities, if any, is recorded as goodwill. We use all available information to estimate fair values, including quoted market prices, the carrying value of acquired assets, and widely accepted valuation techniques such as discounted cash flows. We typically engage third-party appraisal firms to assist in fair value determination of inventories, identifiable intangible assets, and any other significant assets or liabilities. Judgments made in determining the estimated fair value assigned to each class of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as well as asset lives, can materially impact our results of operations. See Note 2 - Acquisitions for further discussion.
Goodwill — We account for all business combinations using the acquisition method of accounting. Under this method, assets and liabilities, including any remaining noncontrolling interests, are recognized at fair value at the date of acquisition. The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of assets acquired, net of liabilities assumed, and noncontrolling interests is recognized as goodwill. We are required to test goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, and more frequently when negative conditions or other triggering events arise. See Note 3 - Goodwill and Intangible Assets for further discussion.
Intangible Assets — Our intangible assets are related to trademarks, trade names, customer relationships, and developed technology, which were acquired through acquisition and are generally amortized over a weighted average period of approximately three to six years. We assess the recoverability of the unamortized balance of our intangible assets when indicators of impairment are present based on expected future profitability and undiscounted expected cash flows and their contribution to our overall operations. Should the review indicate that the carrying value is not fully recoverable, the excess of the carrying value over the fair value of the intangible assets would be recognized as an impairment loss. See Note 3 - Goodwill and Intangible Assets for further discussion.
Concentrations of Credit Risk — Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of trade receivables with a variety of major, independent, national and international oil and gas companies and integrated service providers. We generally do not require collateral on our trade receivables. We depend on a limited number of significant customers. Our largest customer, Exxon Neftegas Limited (ENL), constituted approximately 26.0 percent of our revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2015. Each of our segments depends on a limited number of key customers and the loss of any one or more key customers could have a material adverse effect on a segment.
At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, we had deposits in domestic banks in excess of federally insured limits of approximately $66.8 million and $59.3 million, respectively. In addition, as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, we had deposits in foreign banks that were not insured of $51.7 million and $54.4 million, respectively.