Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

General (Policies)

General (Policies)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2014
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Nature of Operations
Nature of Operations — Parker Drilling, together with its subsidiaries, is an international provider of contract drilling and drilling-related services and rental tools. We have operated in over 50 countries since beginning operations in 1934, making us among the most geographically experienced drilling contractors and rental tools providers in the world. We currently have operations in 24 countries. We own and operate drilling rigs and drilling-related equipment and also perform drilling-related services, referred to as operations and maintenance (O&M) services, for customer-owned drilling rigs on a contracted basis. We have extensive experience and expertise in drilling geologically difficult wells and in managing the logistical and technological challenges of operating in remote, harsh and ecologically sensitive areas. Our rental tools business supplies premium equipment to operators on land and offshore in the United States (U.S.) and select international markets. We have significant knowledge of the equipment needs of drilling operators and the logistical and product quality requirements of an effective global rental tools supplier. We believe we are industry leaders in quality, health, safety and environmental practices.
Our business is currently comprised of five operating segments: Rental Tools, U.S. Barge Drilling, U.S. Drilling, International Drilling, and Technical Services. Our rental tools business provides premium rental tools and services for land and offshore oil and natural gas drilling, workover and production applications. Tools we provide include drill collars, standard and heavy-weight drill pipe, tubing, standard and high-torque connections, pressure control equipment including blow-out preventers, and equipment for fishing services. In addition, we also provide services including fishing, tubular running, inspection and machine shop. Our U.S. barge drilling business operates barge rigs that drill for oil and natural gas in the shallow waters in and along the inland waterways and coasts of Louisiana, Alabama, and Texas. Our U.S. drilling business primarily consists of two new-design arctic-class drilling rigs in Alaska designed to address the challenges presented by the remote location, harsh climate and sensitive environment that characterize the Alaskan North Slope. Additionally, the U.S. drilling business provides O&M work in support of a customer's offshore platform operations located in the Channel Islands region of California. Our international drilling business includes operations related to Parker-owned and customer-owned rigs. We provide O&M and other project management services, such as labor, maintenance, and logistics for operators who own their own drilling rigs, but choose Parker Drilling to operate the rigs for them. Our Technical Services business includes engineering and related project services during concept development, pre-FEED (Front End Engineering Design) and FEED phases of customer-owned drilling facility projects. During the engineering, procurement, construction, installation and commissioning phases of these projects, we provide project management and procurement services focusing primarily on drilling equipment and drilling systems.
In May of 2014 we acquired a 1500 horsepower posted barge rig for our Gulf of Mexico drilling fleet for a purchase price of $12.25 million using cash on hand. At September 30, 2014, our marketable rig fleet consisted of 14 barge drilling rigs, including the recently acquired rig, and 23 land rigs located in the United States, Latin America and the Europe, Middle East, and Asia regions.
Consolidation — The consolidated condensed financial statements include the accounts of the Company and subsidiaries in which we exercise control or have a controlling financial interest, including entities, if any, in which the Company is allocated a majority of the entity’s losses or returns, regardless of ownership percentage. If a subsidiary of Parker Drilling has a 50 percent interest in an entity but Parker Drilling’s interest in the subsidiary or the entity does not meet the consolidation criteria described above, then that interest is accounted for under the equity method.
Noncontrolling Interest
Noncontrolling Interest — We apply accounting standards related to noncontrolling interests for ownership interests in our subsidiaries held by parties other than Parker Drilling. The entities that comprise the noncontrolling interest include ITS Arabia Limited and International Tubular Services - Egypt SAE. We report noncontrolling interest as equity on the consolidated balance sheets and report net income (loss) attributable to controlling interest and to noncontrolling interest separately on the consolidated statements of operations.
Revenue Recognition
Revenue Recognition — Contract drilling revenues and expenses, comprised of daywork drilling contracts, call-outs against master service agreements and engineering and related project service contracts, are recognized as services are performed and collection is reasonably assured. For certain contracts, we receive payments contractually designated for the mobilization of rigs and other drilling equipment. Mobilization payments received, and direct costs incurred for the mobilization, are deferred and recognized over the primary term of the related drilling contract; however, costs incurred to relocate rigs and other drilling equipment to areas in which a contract has not been secured are expensed as incurred. For contracts accounted for under the milestone method of revenue recognition, revenues are recognized on achievement of specified procurement coordination and delivery events. Reimbursements received for out-of-pocket expenses are recorded as both revenues and direct costs. For contracts that are terminated prior to the specified term, early termination payments received by us are recognized as revenues when all contractual requirements are met. Revenues from rental activities are recognized ratably over the rental term which is generally less than six months.
Reimbursable Costs
Reimbursable Costs — The Company recognizes reimbursements received for out-of-pocket expenses incurred as revenues and accounts for out-of-pocket expenses as direct operating costs. Such amounts totaled $19.3 million and $16.2 million during the third quarters of 2014 and 2013, respectively and $57.5 million and $46.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, and 2013, respectively. Additionally, the Company typically receives a nominal handling fee, which is recognized as earned revenues in our consolidated statement of operations.
Use of Estimates
Use of Estimates — The preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting policies generally accepted in the United States (U.S. GAAP) requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect our reported amounts of assets and liabilities, our disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and our revenues and expenses during the periods reported. Estimates are typically used when accounting for certain significant items such as legal or contractual liability accruals, mobilization and deferred mobilization, self-insured medical/dental plans, income taxes and valuation allowance, and other items requiring the use of estimates. Estimates are based on a number of variables which may include third party valuations, historical experience, where applicable, and assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved with estimates, actual results may differ from management estimates.
Purchase price allocation
Purchase price allocation — We allocate the purchase price of an acquired business to its identifiable assets and liabilities based on estimated fair values at the transaction date. Transaction and integration costs associated with an acquisition are expensed as incurred. The excess of the purchase price over the amount allocated to the assets and liabilities, if any, is recorded as goodwill. We use all available information to estimate fair values, including quoted market prices, the carrying value of acquired assets, and widely accepted valuation techniques such as discounted cash flows. We typically engage third-party appraisal firms to assist in fair value determination of inventories, identifiable intangible assets, and any other significant assets or liabilities. Judgments made in determining the estimated fair value assigned to each class of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as well as asset lives, can materially impact our results of operations.
Intangible Assets
Intangible AssetsDefinite-lived intangible assets acquired and recorded in the acquisition of International Tubular Services Limited and certain of its affiliates (collectively, ITS) and other related assets (the ITS Acquisition) in 2013 primarily relate to trade names, customer relationships, and developed technology. Our intangibles are being amortized over a weighted average period of approximately three years.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
Concentrations of Credit Risk — Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of trade receivables with a variety of national and international oil and gas companies. We generally do not require collateral on our trade receivables.
At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, we had deposits in domestic banks in excess of federally insured limits of approximately $44.3 million and $104.3 million, respectively. In addition, as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, we had deposits in foreign banks, which were not insured of $40.5 million and $50.1 million, respectively.
Our customer base primarily consists of major, independent, national and international oil and gas companies and integrated service providers. We depend on a limited number of significant customers. Our largest customer, Exxon Neftegas Limited (ENL), constituted approximately 20.0% of our revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. Each of our segments depends on a limited number of key customers and the loss of any one or more key customers could have a material adverse effect on a segment.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recent Accounting Pronouncements    
On May 28, 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This ASU supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Accounting Standards Codification 605 - Revenue Recognition and most industry-specific guidance throughout the Codification. The standard requires that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This ASU is effective on January 1, 2017 and should be applied retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the ASU recognized at the date of initial application. We are in the process of assessing the impact of the adoption of ASU 2014-09 on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows. We have not yet selected a transition method nor have we determined the effect of the standard on our ongoing financial reporting.
In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists. This ASU requires an entity to present an unrecognized tax benefit as a reduction of a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss (NOL) carryforward, or similar tax loss or tax credit carryforward, rather than as a liability when: (1) the uncertain tax position would reduce the NOL or other carryforward under the tax law of the applicable jurisdiction and (2) the entity intends to use the deferred tax asset for that purpose. This accounting guidance is effective for our first quarter in fiscal 2014 and does not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.