|6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2016
|Segment Reporting [Abstract]
Our business is comprised of two business lines: (1) Drilling Services and (2) Rental Tools Services. We report our Rental Tools Services business as one reportable segment (Rental Tools) and report our Drilling Services business as two reportable segments: (1) U.S. (Lower 48) Drilling and (2) International & Alaska Drilling. Within the three reportable segments, we have aggregated our U.S. and international rental tools business units under Rental Tools, one business unit under U.S. (Lower 48) Drilling, and our Arctic, Eastern Hemisphere and Latin America business units under International & Alaska Drilling for a total of six business units. The Company has aggregated each of its business units in one of the three reporting segments based on the guidelines of ASC Topic 280, “Segment Reporting” (ASC Topic 280). We eliminate inter-segment revenues and expenses. We disclose revenues under the three reportable segments based on the similarity of the use and markets for the groups of products and services within each segment.
Drilling Services Business Line
In our Drilling Services business, we drill oil and gas wells for customers in both the U.S. and international markets. We provide this service with both Company-owned rigs and customer-owned rigs. We refer to the provision of drilling services with customer-owned rigs as our O&M service in which operators own their own drilling rigs but choose Parker Drilling to operate and maintain the rigs for them. The nature and scope of activities involved in drilling an oil and gas well is similar whether it is drilled with a Company-owned rig (as part of a traditional drilling contract) or a customer-owned rig (as part of an O&M contract). In addition, we provide project related services, such as engineering, procurement, project management and commissioning of customer-owned drilling facility projects. We have extensive experience and expertise in drilling geologically difficult wells and in managing the logistical and technological challenges of operating in remote, harsh and ecologically sensitive areas.
U.S. (Lower 48) Drilling
Our U.S. (Lower 48) Drilling segment provides drilling services with our GOM barge drilling rig fleet and markets U.S. (Lower 48) based O&M services. Our GOM barge drilling fleet operates barge rigs that drill for oil and natural gas in shallow waters in and along the inland waterways and coasts of Louisiana, Alabama and Texas. The majority of these wells are drilled in shallow water depths ranging from 6 to 12 feet. Our rigs are suitable for a variety of drilling programs, from inland coastal waters requiring shallow draft barges, to open water drilling on both state and federal water projects requiring more robust capabilities. The barge drilling industry in the GOM is characterized by cyclical activity where utilization and dayrates are typically driven by oil and gas prices and our customers’ access to project financing. Contract terms tend to be well-to-well or multi-well programs, most commonly ranging from 45 to 150 days.
International & Alaska Drilling
Our International & Alaska Drilling segment provides drilling services, with Company-owned rigs as well as through O&M contracts, and project related services. The drilling markets in which this segment operates have one or more of the following characteristics:
Our Rental Tools Services Business
Our Rental Tools segment provides premium rental equipment and services to E&P companies, drilling contractors and service companies on land and offshore in the U.S. and select international markets. Tools we provide include standard and heavy-weight drill pipe, tubing, pressure control equipment, including BOPs, drill collars and more. We also provide well construction services, which include tubular running services and downhole tools, and well intervention services, which include whipstock, fishing products and related services, as well as inspection and machine shop support. Our largest single market for rental tools is U.S. land drilling. Rental tools are used during well drilling programs and are usually rented on a daily or monthly basis.
The following table represents the results of operations by reportable segment:
(1)For the six months ended June 30, 2016, our largest customer, ENL, constituted approximately 39.8 percent of our total consolidated revenues and approximately 58.4 percent of our International & Alaska Drilling segment revenues. Excluding reimbursable revenues of $36.9 million, ENL constituted approximately 28.7 percent of our total consolidated revenues and approximately 46.4 percent of our International & Alaska Drilling segment revenues. Our second largest customer, BP, constituted 11.9 percent of our total consolidated revenues and approximately 17.2 percent of our International & Alaska Drilling segment revenues.
For the six months ended June 30, 2015, our largest customer, ENL, constituted approximately 26.0 percent of our total consolidated revenues and approximately 44.3 percent of our International & Alaska Drilling segment revenues. Excluding reimbursable revenues of $39.7 million, ENL constituted approximately 18.1 percent of our total consolidated revenues and approximately 34.0 percent of our International & Alaska Drilling segment revenues.
(2)Operating gross margin is calculated as revenues less direct operating expenses, including depreciation and amortization expense.